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Warren Oliver PhD.

President

Warren Oliver obtained his BS in Materials Science from the University of Tennessee in 1976. He received a MS and PhD of Materials Science in 1981 from Stanford University studying with Professor W. D. Nix. Dr. Oliver spent one year on a postdoctoral appointment at Brown, Boveri and Co., Ltd followed by two years (1982-1984) at the United Technologies Research Center. He then returned to Tennessee for a position at Oak Ridge National Laboratories for ten years until 1994 at which time he left to spend full time directing Nano Instruments, a company he helped to found in 1984. In 1998 Nano Instruments was acquired by MTS Corporation. In 2008 the group was acquired by Agilent Technologies. Finally, in 2009 Dr. Oliver helped form and became president of a new company, Nanomechanics, Inc.

During the course of his research career, Dr. Oliver has made notable contributions to the area of intermetallic alloy development and the mechanical characterization of materials and structures on the micro and nano scale. In particular, he has contributed to the development and commercialization of nanoindentation/nanoindenter equipment and techniques.

Over the years, Dr. Oliver is the inventor on 14 patents and has published more than 250 papers in peer reviewed international journals.

Scholars Page

Work Experience

2009-Present
Nanomechanics, Inc.
President

2008-2009
Agilent Technologies
Scientist

2004-2008
MTS Corporation
General Manager

2001-2004
MTS Corporation
Senior Scientist – Circle of Innovators

1998-2001
MTS Corporation
Vice President, responsible for managing Nano Instruments Innovation Center.

1983-1998
Nano Instruments, Inc.
President and Co-Founder, responsible for all research and development.

1984-1994
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Research scientist responsible for development of alloys for high temperature structural applications an also the development of the mechanical properties microprobe.

1982-1984
United Technologies Research Center
Research Scientist responsible for investigative research in mechanical properties of light metal alloys.

1981-1982
Brown Boveri and Co., Ltd., Switzerland
Research scientist responsible for investigation of surface treatments and surface properties of metals.

1977-1981
Stanford University
Materials Science Department – Ph.D. Candidate, Research Assistant.

1977-Summer
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Junior Engineer

1976-Summer
I.B.M.
Junior Engineer

  • Xi Chen, Erik G. Herbert, James Hone, Seong. C. Jun,Jeffrey W. Kysar, Dongyun Lee, Warren C. Oliver, Xiaoding Wie, Manhong Zhao, “Microfabrication and mechanical properties of nonporous gold and the nanoscale”, Scripta Materialia, Vol. 56, No. 5, pp. 437-440 (March 2007).
  • E. G. Herbert, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “On the measurement of yield strength by spherical indentation”, Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 86, No. 33-35, pp. 5521-39 (21 Nov.-11 Dec. 2006).
  • J. H. Strader, S. Shim, H. Bei, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “An experimental evaluation of the constant beta relating the contact stiffness to the contact area in nanoindentation”, Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 86, No. 33-35, pp. 5285-98 (21 Nov.-11 Dec. 2006).
  • Y. F. Gao, B. N. Lucas, J. C. Hay, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “Nanoscale incipient asperity sliding and interface micro-slip assessed by the measurement of tangential contact stiffness”, Scripta Materiala, Vol. 55, No. 7, pp. 653-6 (Oct. 2006).
  • Dongyun Lee, Manhoung Zhao, Xiaoding Wei, Xi Chen, S. C. Jun, J. Hone, E. G. Herbert, W. C. Oliver, J. W. Kysar, “Observation of plastic deformation in freestanding single crystal Au nanowires”, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, No. 11, pp. 111916-1-3 (11 Sept. 2006).
  • A. Rar, G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver, E. Karapetian, S. V. Kalinin, “Piezoelectric nanoindentation”, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 552-6 (March 2006).
  • G. L. W. Cross, B. S. O’Connell, J. B. Pethica, W. C. Oliver, “Some issues in the mechanical forming of nanoimprint structures”, Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 559-62 (2005).
  • J. A. LaManna, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “On the measurement of material creep parameters by nanoindentation”, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology III. Symposium, pp. 147-52 (2005).
  • A. Rar, S. Sohn, W. C. Oliver, D. L. Goldsby, T. E. Tullis, G. M. Pharr, “On the measurement of creep by nanoindentation with continuous stiffness techniques”, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology III. Symposium, pp. 119-24 (2005).
  • S. Shim, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “A critical examination of the Berkovich vs. conical indentation based on 3D finite element calculation”, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology III. Symposium, pp. 39-44 (2005).
  • J. H. Strader, S. Shim, H. Bei, W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “An experimental evaluation of the constant beta relating the contact stiffness to the contact area in nanoindentation”, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nantribology III. Symposium, pp. 9-14 (2005).
  • J. R. Greer, W. C. Oliver, W. D. Nix, “Size dependence of mechanical properties of gold at the micron scale in the absence of strain gradients”, Acta Materiala, Vol. 53, No. 6, pp. 1821-1830 (April 2005).
  • Yehuda Y. Braiman, David L. Goldsby, Warren C. Oliver, George M. Pharr, Andrei Rar, Terry E. Tullis, “Determination of contact area during small-scale friction experiments by means of continuous stiffness measurements”, Proceeding of the World of Tribology Congress III-2005, pp. 261-262 (2005).
  • K. C. Maner, M. R. Begley, W. C. Oliver, “Nanomechanical testing of circular freestanding polymer films with sub-micron thickness”, Acta Materiala, Vol. 52, No. 19, pp. 5451-5460 (8 Nov. 2004).
  • W. C. Oliver, “New nanoindentation and scanning probe tools and techniques”, MPMD Fifth Global Innovations Proceedings. Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials & Trends in LIGA, Miniaturization, and Nanoscale Materials, pp. 299 (2004).
  • B. N. Lucas, J. L. Hay, W. C. Oliver, “Using multi-dimensional contact mechanics experiments to measure Poisson’s ratio of porous low-k films”, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 58-65 (Jan. 2004).
  • W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, “Measurement of hardness and elastic modulus by instrumented indentation: advances in understanding and refinements to methodology”, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 3-20 (Jan. 2004).
  • B. N. Lucas, J. L. Hay, W. C. Oliver, “Using multi-dimensional contact mechanics experiments to measure Poisson’s ratio of porous low-k films”, Materials, Technology and Reliability for Advanced Interconnects and Low-k Dielectics – Symposium 2003, pp. 177-182 (2003).
  • E. G. Herbert, G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver, B. N. Lucas, and J. L. Hay, “On the measurement of stress-strain curves by spherical indentation”, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology II. Symposium, pp. Q.3.4.1-6 (2001).
  • E. G. Herbert, G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver, B. N. Lucas, and J. L. Hay, “On the measurement of stress-strain curves by spherical indentation”, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 398-399, pp. 331-356 (1 Nov. 2001).
  • W. C. Oliver, “Alternative technique for analyzing intstrumented indentation data”, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 16, No. 11, pp. 3202-3269 (Nov. 2001).
  • V. Jardret, B. N. Lucas, W. Oliver, and A. C. Ramamurthy, “Scratch Durability of Automotive Clear Coatings: A Quantitative, Reliable and Robust Methodology”, Journal of Coatings Technology, Vol. 72, No. 907, pp. 79-88 (August 2000).
  • J. L. Loubet, W. C. Oliver and B. N. Lucas, “Measurement of the loss tangent of low-density polyethylene with a nanoindentation technique”, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 15, No. 5 (May, 2000).
  • V. D. Jardret and W. C. Oliver, “Viscoelastic behavior of polymer films during scratch test: A quantitative analysis”, MRS Symp Proc 594, Thin Films-Stresses and Mechanical Properties VIII, pp. 251-256, (2000).
  • B. N. Lucas and W. C. Oliver, “Indentation Power-Law Creep of High-Purity Indium”, Meatllurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 31A, pp. 601-610 (March 1999).
  • B. N. Lucas, W. C. Oliver, and J. E. Swindeman, “The Dynamics of Frequency-Specific, Depth-Sensing Indentation Testing”, MRS Symp Proc 522, , Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribiloy, pp. 3-14 (1998).
  • T. F. Page, G. M. Pharr, J. L. Hay, W. C. Oliver, B. N. Lucas, E. G. Herbert, and L. Riester, “Nanoindentation characterisation of coated systems: P:S2 – A new approach using the continuous stiffness technique”, MRS Symp Proc 522, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribiloy, (1998).
  • J. L. Hay, W. C. Oliver, A. Bolshakov, and G. M. Pharr, “Using the ratio of loading slope and elastic stiffness to predict pile-up and constraint factor during indentation”, MRS Symp Proc 522, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribiloy, (1998).
  • M. A. El Khakani, M. Chaker, M. E. O’Hern, and W. C. Oliver, “Linear Dependence of both the hardness and the elastic modulus of pulsed laser deposited a-SiC films upon their Si-C bond Density”, J. App. Physics 82, No. 9, pp. 4310-4318 (1997)
  • W. C. Oliver and G. M. Pharr, “An improved technique for determining hardness and elastic modulus using load and displacement sensing indentation experiments”, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 1564-1583 (June 1992).
  • G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver, and F. R. Brotzen, “On the generality of the relationship among contact stiffness, contact area, and elastic modulus during indentation”, J. Mater. Res. 7, No. 3, pp 613-617 (1992)
  • W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, and D. S. Harding, “New Evidence for Pressure Induced Phase Transformation During the Indentation of Silicon”, J. Mater. Res. 6, pp.1129-1130 (1991).
  • M. E. O’Hern, W. C. Oliver, C. J. McHargue, D. S. Rickerby, and S. J. Bull, “The Hardness and Elastic Modulus of TiN Films as Determined by Ultra-Low Load Indentation ,” , MRS Symp. Proc. 188, pp. 139-145 (1990).
  • B. N. Lucas, W. C. Oliver, J. J. Wert, “Indentation Fracture of Brittle Materials” , MRS Symp. Proc. 188, pp. 263-268 (1990)
  • T. R. Jervis, J.-P. Hirvonen, M. Nastasi, T. G. Zocco, J. R. Martin, G. M. Pharr, and W. C. Oliver, “Surface Mechanical Properties of Ti Alloys Produced by Eximer Laser Mixing of Ti on AlSl 304 Stainless Steel”, MRS Symp. Proc. 140 (1989).
  • D. B. Marshall and W. C. Oliver, “An Indentation Method for Measuring Residual Stresses in Fiber-Reinforced Ceramics”, Mat. Sci. and Eng. A126, pp. 95-103 (1990).
  • B. D. Fabes and W. C. Oliver, “Mechanical Properties of Sol-Gel Coating”, J. of Non-Crys. Solids 121, pp. 348-356 (1990).
  • D. L. Joslin, C. J. McHargue, and W. C. Oliver, “Thin Film and Near Surface Characterization Using Indentation Systems” , Structure-Property Relationships in Surface-Modified Ceramics, eds. C. J. McHargue, et al., Kluwer Ac. Press, (1989).
  • G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver and D. R. Clarke, “The Mechanical Behavior of Silicon During Small-Scale Indentation”, J. of Electronic Mat. 19, pp. 881-887 (1990).
  • G. M. Pharr, W. C. Oliver and D. R. Clarke, “Hysteresis and Discontinuity in the Indentation Load-Displacement Behavior of Silicon,” Scr. Metall. 23, pp. 1949-1952 (1989)
  • D. L. Joslin, M. E. O’Hern, C. S. McHargue, R. E. Clausing and W. C. Oliver, “Hardness of Amorphous Hard Carbon Films Determined by the Ultra-Low Load Microindentation Technique,” SPIE, p.1050 (1989).
  • G. M. Pharr and W. C. Oliver, “Nanoindentation of Silver-Relatons Between Hardness and Dislocation Structure,” J. Mater. Res. 4(1), pp. 94-101 (1989).
  • W. C. Oliver and C. J. McHargue, “Characterizing the Hardness and Modulus of Thin Films Using a Mechanical Properties Microprobe,” Thin Solid Films 161, pp. 117-22 (1988).
  • W. C. Oliver, F. A. List and R. A. McKee, “The Influence of Thickness and Wavelength on the Mechanical Properties of a Compositionally Modulated Ceramic Thin Film,” Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 28-December 3, 1988.
  • J. B. Pethica and W. C. Oliver, “Mechanical Properties of Nanometre Volumes of Materials: Use of the Elastic Response of Small Area Indentations,” Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 28-December 2, 1988.
  • M. Nastasi, J.-P. Hirvonen, T. R. Jervis, G. M. Pharr and W. C. Oliver, “Surface Mechanical Properties of C Implanted Ni,” J. Mater. Res. 3(2), 226-32 (1988).
  • T. R. Jervis, J-P. Hirvonen, M. Nastasi, T. G. Zocco, J. A. Martin, G. M. Pharr and W. C. Oliver, “Surface Mechanical Properties of Ti Alloys Produced by Excimer Laser Mixing of Ti on AISI 304 Stainless Steel,” Materials Research Society, Fall (1988).
  • D. L. Joslin, C. J. McHargue and W. C. Oliver, “Thin Film and Near Surface Characterization Using Indentation Systems,” NATO Advanced Study Institute on Structure-Property Relationships in Ion-Beam Surface-Modified Ceramics–Theory and Applications, Ciocco, Italy, August 28-September 9, 1988.
  • R. H. Parrish, J. J. Wert, W. C. Oliver and P. S. Sklad, “The Effect of Varying Sputtering Parameters on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 10%Ni+TiB2 Thin Films,” Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Erosion by Liquid and Solid Impact, September (1987).
  • S. A. David, J. M. Vitek, J. R. Keiser and W. C. Oliver, “Nanoindentation Microhardness Study of Low-Temperature Ferrite Decomposition in Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld,” Weld. J. 66(8), pp. 235s-240s (1987).
  • W. C. Oliver, C. J. McHargue and S. J. Zinkle, “Thin Film Characterization Using a Mechanical Properties Microprobe,” Thin Solid Films 153, pp. 185-96 (1987).
  • D. B. Marshall and W. C. Oliver, “Measurement of Interfacial Mechanical Properties in Fiber-Reinforce Ceramic Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 70(8), pp. 542-8 (1987).
  • W. C. Oliver, “Progress in the Development of a Mechanical Properties Microprobe,” MRS Bulletin, 15-19 (Sept./Oct. 1986).